Synthesis of Sentences-3
Synthesis of Sentences-3
In this another section on Synthesis of Sentences, we are going to see how two or more Simple Sentences can be combined to form a single Complex Sentence.
Subordinate Clause as a Noun Clause:
When two sentences are combined to form a Complex Sentence, one of the two sentences can be converted into a Noun clause in the new sentence.
• You are drunk. That aggravates your offence.
In these two sentences, the reason (you are drunk) has been given in one sentence for the action (That aggravates your offence) mentioned in another sentence.
Now the sentence which takes about the reason can be used as Noun-Clause in the New Complex Sentence.
The Noun Clause is the Subordinate Clause of the new Complex Sentence.
The new Complex Sentence is:
• That you are drunk aggravates your offence.
• He will be late. That is certain.
• That he will be late is certain.
• You are repentant. I will not forget it.
• I will not forget that you are repentant.
• He may be innocent. I do not know.
• I do not know whether he is innocent
• He is short-sighted. Otherwise he is fit for the post.
• Except he is short-sighted, he is fit for the post.
• The clouds would disperse. That was our hope. Our hope was cheering.
• Our hope that the clouds would disperse, was cheering.
• The game was lost. It was the consequences of his carelessness.
• Because of his carelessness, the game was lost.
In the section on Synthesis of Sentences, we have seen how a Noun-Clause can be used as the Subordinate Clause in the Complex Sentence.
Subordinate Clause as an Adjective Clause:
In the following examples, the Subordinate Clause is an Adjective Clause.
• A fox once met a lion. The fox had never seen a lion before.
• A fox who had never met a lion before met him.
• She keeps her ornaments in a safe. That is safety-locker.
• The place where she keeps her ornaments is safety-locker.
• A cottager and his wife had a hen. The hen laid an egg everyday. The egg was golden.
• The hen, which a cottager and his wife had, laid a golden egg everyday.
In the section on Synthesis of Sentences-3, we have seen how a Adjective-Clause can be used as the Subordinate Clause in the Complex Sentence.
Subordinate Clause as an Adverb Clause :
In the following examples, the Subordinate Clause is an Adverb Clause.
• Indira Gandhi died in 1984. Rajiv Gandhi thereafter became Prime Minister of India.
• When Indira Gandhi died in 1984, Rajiv Gandhi became Prime Minister of India.
• I waited for my friend. I waited till his arrival.
• I waited for my friend until he came.
• He fled somewhere. His pursuers could not follow him.
• He fled where his pursuers could not follow him.
• Let men sow anything. They will reap its fruits.
• As men sow, so will they reap.
• You are strong. I am equally strong.
• I am as strong as you are.
• He was not there. I spoke to his brother for that reason.
• I spoke to his brother for he was there.
• We wish to live. We eat for that reason.
• We eat so that we may live.
• He was quite tired. He could scarcely stand.
• He was so tired that he could scarcely stand.
• Do not eat too much. You will be ill.
• If you eat too much, you will be ill.
• He began late. He finished first.
• Although he began late, he finished first.
In the section on Synthesis of Sentences-3, we have seen how a Adverb-Clause can be used as the Subordinate Clause in the Complex Sentence.
As in this section on Synthesis of Sentences-3, you too can form more sentences using the same methods presented here.